Literature review the presence of lead in drinking water is more prevalent and serious than many people realize despite common perceptions, lead is not restricted to inner-city communities, but rather is a problem that affects many water systems across the country. Review salmonella, the host and disease: a brief review bryan coburn1,2,3, guntram a grassl1,3 and bb finlay1,2 salmonella species cause substantial morbidity, mortality and burden of disease globally. Viruses as a cause of foodborne diseases: a review of the literature p vasickova1, l dvorska2, 3, for example they cause 666% of food-related illnesses in the united states, compared to factors that contribute to the significant impact of noroviruses include a large human reservoir, low. The present review was focused on bacterial amylase and this review assesses the following chapters: amylase, microorganisms and amylases, physiology of amylases, fermentation studies on bacterial amylase production and commercial application of amylases. Review impacts of gut bacteria on human health and diseases yu-jie zhang 1, sha li 2, ren-you gan 3, bacteria communities can cause many chronic diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease, obesity, cancer, and autism the literature was sought from the databases pubmed and isi web of knowledge, and.
Handling raw food then cooked food and inadequate cooling and reheating of cooked food are also common causes of high bacterial growth on food contaminated water, flies and pets may also spread bacteria. Section 4 reviews the literature on extreme weather events' impacts on human infectious diseases, pointing to the needs for better understanding of the changes in climate variables and the combined weather effects during an extreme weather event. The adverse effects of food additives on health: a review of the literature with special emphasis on childhood hyperactivity furthermore it has been found to cause mutations in some bacteria, implying that it may also act as a mutagenic and/or carcinogenic agent in humans 5,33.
The o1 bacterium always causes an epidemic disease where as the non o1 would may or may not cause a sporadic disease vibrio cholerae is transmitted like ecoli through contamination of the food or water with fecal material. Clostridium perfringens according to some estimates, this type of bacteria causes nearly a million illnesses each year cooking kills the growing c perfringens cells that cause food poisoning, but not necessarily the spores that can grow into new cells. The manuscript reviews the impacts and mechanisms of harm for our over-indulgence in sugar, salt, and fat, as well as the data outlining the impacts of artificial sweeteners, gluten, and genetically modified foods attention is given to revealing where the literature on the immune impacts of macronutrients is limited to either animal or in.
Chap 2 - hazards - biological, chemical, and physical 13 people may come into contact with thousands of kinds of yeasts, molds, bacteria, viruses and protozoa daily without ill effect. Dysbiosis of the gut bacteria communities can cause many chronic diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease, obesity, cancer, and autism this review summarizes and discusses the roles and potential mechanisms of gut bacteria in human health and diseases. Bacteria and viruses are the most common cause of food poisoning the symptoms and severity of food poisoning vary, depending on which bacteria or virus has contaminated the food the bacteria and viruses that cause the most illnesses, hospitalizations, and deaths in the united states are. Curing and smoking meats for home food preservation literature review and critical preservation points document use the causes include viruses, bacteria, and parasites many of the pathogens causing foodborne illness were not recognized 20 years ago (mead et al 2000. A review of 19 studies (including industry’s own studies submitted to regulators in support of applications to commercialise gm crops) on mammals fed with commercialised gm soy and maize that are already in our food and feed chain found consistent toxic effects on the liver and.
1 a literature review of the risks and benefits of consuming raw and pasteurized cow's milk a response to the request from the maryland house of delegates' health and. This review addresses microbial spoilage of vegetables, impact of microbial spoilage in vegetables, sources of microbial contamination in vegetables, characteristics of vegetable spoilage microorganisms, methods for detection and isolation of spoilage microorganisms and prevention of microbial spoilage. Effects of probiotic bacteria on diarrhea, lipid metabolism, and carcinogenesis: a review of papers published between 1988 and 1998 am j clin nutr 200071:405-11 view abstract.
Approach: a comprehensive literature review was performed on the spoliage mechanisms of meat and meat products and preservation techniques results: historical data reveals that salting, drying, smoking, fermentation and canning were the. Chapter-2 review of literature food spoilage is a metabolic process that causes foods to be undesirable or unacceptable for human consumption due to changes in sensory characteristics. Our literature review, however, found relatively few randomized controlled trials linking specific design features or inter- ventions directly to impacts on healthcare outcomes this is not very surprising, because most changes of the physical environment in healthcare settings alter several environmental factors simultaneously. The impacts of climate change on food production, prices, and trade for the united states and globally have been widely examined, including in the recent report “climate change, global food security, and the us food system” 7 an overall finding of that report was that “climate change is very likely to affect global, regional, and local.