The total number of independent states in africa is 54 the transcontinental country in this region is egypt, having also a small part of its territory in asia, on the other side of the suez canal, but politically it is a member of the african union. While falsely pretending to be the friends and allies of many african countries, so desperate for help and assistance, many western nations have in reality betrayed those countries' trust--and instead, have relentlessly pursued their own selfish military and economic policies. African countries need to make technology and innovation a strategic priority from the standpoint of a world-view that africa can invent and innovate, and must do so in order to liberate itself. What makes countries rich or poor jared diamond june 7, 2012 issue why nations fail: the origins of power, prosperity, and poverty but why have some countries ended up with good institutions, while others haven’t other examples are nigeria’s and the congo’s poverty despite their wealth in oil and minerals respectively in all.
Some 11 billion people in developing countries have inadequate access to clean water 26 billion lack access to sanitation 18 million children die each year from diarrhea and millions of women spend hours a day collecting water. Strong economic growth in the past decade among african countries rich in oil and minerals has failed to make a significant dent on their poverty levels, according to a world bank report. Had pre-industrial-era portugese colonists not pressed so far up along africa's western coast so quickly, for example, then africa's seven million kikongo-speakers might today have their own country.
Failed states 10 reasons countries fall apart states don't fail overnight the seeds of of their destruction are sown deep within their political institutions. The countries of west africa have incomes to a large extent derived from the sale of their products on the international market the europeans developed the coastal areas for trade the people living along the coasts became the middlemen in trade, especially in the slave trade. So, the question is why has africa not been able to develop in the same way that western, and east asian countries have been able to do so in reality, in the period until the 18th century, when all the world was mired in poverty, africa's economic performance was even worse than other regions. The author furthers that there are numerous types of aids that were offered in africa have seen remarkable development since the different models have been put to good use this has seen significant economic growth in the african countries. Unfortunately, in many african countries natural resource booms have only to a countries to utilize their natural resources to promote develop- africa’s natural resources: the paradox of plenty 99 4 imf (2006) (e) africanbank 2007 ch4 11/10/07 13:54 page 99.
While the global market for ever more sophisticated tech gadgets grows, the metals and minerals that make them go are controlled by a handful of countries to see a list of the raw materials that. During the past decade, the democratic republic of congo has been the scene of a destructive war involving armies from as many as nine different african countries neighboring rwanda has exercised a destabilizing influence on the region, with the intent of gaining control of congo's enormous mineral wealth. Rather than contributing to freedom, broadly shared growth, and social peace, rich deposits of oil and minerals have often brought tyranny, misery, and insecurity to these nations. It has meant that african countries have never built up sufficient national wealth to invest in their infrastructure (in things such as roads and electricity supply) and industry so that they can develop as countries properly. South africa is by arguably one of the most diversified countries in africa it has a gdp per capita of $13,1955 and if this way of measurement is put aside, it is the second largest economy on the continent, led by nigeria.
Most past and present african leaders have failed the region woefully and their brutal sit-tight phenomena have made it very difficult or impossible for them to be replaced african leaders steal public funds in millions and billions of dollars and invest same in european economies. Why foreign aid is hurting africa money from rich countries has trapped many african nations in a cycle of corruption, slower economic growth and poverty. These new countries also lacked the manufacturing infrastructure to add value to their raw materials rich as many african countries were in cash crops and minerals, they could not process these goods themselves. The problem is the corrupt politicians the same problem is there in india the corrupt politicians dont have love for their country they sell mountains full of minerals to the pvt companies just for a fat bank account lakhs of people are unemployed as a result of this all the resources and money goes out of the country they sell the entire. We just have to put up neat corporate social responsibility programmes like some southern african countries like zambia are doing in their mining sector, for instance, so that whether china cares or not, they are compelled to act responsibly.
In what ways could african countries benefit from diversifying their economies if one cash crop starts to not cost a lot of money, they will have another cash crop to use, so they won't lose money what crops do subsistence farmers in north africa raise. Although those countries were the last ones to embark on the strategy of import substitution, they followed latin america countries' steps, and as structural domestic and external constraints were stronger, the policy of import substitution soon failed, having a more profound impact on their economies. Africa is a continent made up of a mainly black racethe continent has many virgin mineral resources which are not yet explored african countries in totality have ranked high in the level of corruption by many corruption ranking organizations.
In the meantime, these countries can put in place the institutions, policies, and laws needed to ensure that the resources benefit all of their citizens resources should be a blessing, not a curse. In fact many countries have recently started to put in place regulations to protect their population and environment from the environmental and health damage caused by gm crops sustainable pulse welcomes additions or edits to the list below from readers / experts from around the globe – please contact [email protected] Few african countries process their own raw materials - rather, the value is added elsewhere, to the benefit of others so why have so many african countries failed to turn natural riches into.